Building a Fountain
Founding a Community
Throughout human history desert dwellers have found ways to create an oasis in arid environments. In Arizona's Lower Verde River Valley, developer Robert McCullough envisioned a community surrounding the largest fountain in the world and on December 15, 1970 the Fountain Hills' Fountain was turned on for the first time.
3 Communities 3 Sources
The Ft McDowell Yavapai Nation, Rio Verdes and Fountain Hills are the three modern communities of the Lower Verde River Valley. Although all three are on the banks of the perennial river they are sustained through a complex system of water rights, with some getting much of their water from the Colorado River transported along the Central Arizona Project.
Ancient Lower Verde Civilizations
From the canal building Hohokom to the early wikiup shelters of the Yavapai, the past of the Lower Verde River Valley can be read in the pottery and petroglyphs left behind. Discover the locations of ancient sites and explore the recent archaeology of the Lower Verde River Valley.
Rock hunt along the river
Between 5 and 10 million years ago the Colorado Plateau uplifted creating a change in elevation. The change caused the Verde River to reverse direction, as well as exposing rock formations. These formations include the Mountains of the lower Verde River Valley have both spiritual and scientific significance.
Fort McDowell (US Army Post)
The establishment of a military fort near the Salinas (Salt) River was authorized on May 21, 1865 by general John S. Mason. The fort was initially named Camp Verde, but a few months later was changed to Camp McDowell in honor of Major General Irvin McDowell, who served under Gen. Winfield Scott in the Civil War.